2012 CLIMATE ACTION PLAN
Brookline’s 2012 Climate Action Plan (CAP) has been prepared by the selectmen’s Climate Action Committee (CAC). A paper copy of the CAP was presented to the Board of Selectmen and approved unanimously by them at their December 11, 2012 meeting. Also see Preface to the Paper Version.) The CAP, however, was prepared in the form of a wiki. This was done for two primary reasons. First, a wiki is an excellent tool for collaborative drafting, and thus, volunteer members of the CAC were able to prepare the plan collaboratively using a minimum of paid Town staff time. Second, throughout the planning process, the CAC has tried to maximize public participation. A wiki has been one vehicle for doing that—since the very first draft, which was prepared at the end of 2011, the entire draft has continuously remained available to the public online.
Because the Climate Action Plan is a living document in the form of a wiki, what you see here has been modified from the plan approved in 2012. The approved version is available to the public at the Brookline Public Library and in the Brookline Department of Planning and Community Development. This wiki version of the plan, however, remains active. The plan is a living document that will continue to evolve and continue to report Brookline’s progress in addressing climate change. The document can be edited by anyone. The CAC, however, asks members of the public to please edit primary pages only if there is an indisputable error. On the other hand, members of the public should feel free to add comments, suggestions, draft language, or questions on any "Discussion" page associated with any primary page. (To do so, please register, and use the normal "Discussion/Talk" page format, which is explained here). And, naturally, Liaisons may update the pages for the Actions on which they are working. (As with Wikipedia or other wikis, there is, of course, always the possibility of spam or vandalism. But the wiki software permits the CAC to quickly and easily undo any inappropriate changes made to the plan and recover all original text.) The CAC hopes that the CAP will continue to be as comprehensive as possible, and therefore new Actions to Reduce GHG Emissions can be added at any time. Any group or individual wishing to begin work on a new initiative or already engaged in climate action work that does not appear in the CAP should contact the CAC via the Brookline Planning Department. --December 15, 2011; January 23, 2012; March 18, 2012; May 14, 2012; December 11, 2012
UNDERSTANDING THIS DOCUMENT
You can read this document just like any other online document; see table of Contents, below. In addition, it is fully searchable; the search box appears in the upper right corner of every page.
If you want to participate actively in the evkur evolution of the Climate Action Plan, these hints will be helpful:
- This Climate Action Plan is a wiki that uses the free, open source software available from MediWiki--just like Wikipedia.
- If you would like to edit or add information to the plan, you can simply click "Edit" (above) and experiment (carefully). But if you are not a member of the CAC, please do not edit primary pages unless you see an indisputable error. On the other hand, feel free to add comments, suggestions, draft language, or questions on any "Discussion" page associated with any primary page. (To do so, please register, and use the normal "Discussion/Talk" page format, which is explained here).
- Our "Help" page (to the left) will give you a very brief introduction to editing. You can consult the User's Guide for detailed information about using the wiki software.
- Activities and membership of the selectmen’s Climate Action Committee
- Official responsibilities and composition of the selectmen’s Climate Action Committee as voted by the 2008 Annual Town Meeting.
 Introduction to Climate Change and Its Impact
 What is Climate Change?
Climate Change is a significant and persistent change in the mean state of the climate or its variability. Climate change occurs in response to changes in some aspect of Earth’s environment: these include regular changes in Earth’s orbit about the sun, re-arrangement of continents through plate tectonic motions, or anthropogenic modification of the atmosphere. By the mid 20th century, scientists’ became aware of global climate changes, understood to be brought about through increasing concentrations of particular gases in our atmosphere, known as greenhouse gases.
 Why Respond to Climate Change on the Local Level?
Brookline has a choice. We can take positive steps to reduce our GHG emissions or we can continue to wait for some other entity to come up with a universal “fix”. A fundamental principle in planning is its focus on long-range impacts. As climate disruption continues to bring profound changes to the natural world in the form of species migration, increased severe weather events, drought and flooding, agricultural disruption, rising ocean levels, etc. cities and towns around the world will find themselves vulnerable. There are steps to take on the local level to both reduce GHG emissions and to transform our communities into ones that are more resilient and therefore capable of surviving and even thriving in such challenging conditions.
Response to climate change has been slow and muted on the Federal level. States and municipalities are in some cases more nimble, experimental and proactive when it comes to innovating place-based policies and technologies. This is an advantage smaller units of government can exploit, giving them the edge when it comes to invention and new organizational options. Locally, each community has its own socioeconomic and cultural fabric into which proactive policy innovation and new technologies can more easily be deployed. The failure to respond is both a human failure and a step towards planetary catastrophe.
Adaptation to the increased variability of our climate is necessary to prevent costly damage and repair to our built environment, our infrastructure and natural systems. For instance, stabilizing soils with plant material, minimizing pavement and planting trees and vegetation all help buffer our habitat from strong winds, heavy rains, drought and excessive heat. These measures also save energy through reducing urban heat island effects, etc. As we move into the future, the costs to retrofit and rebuild infrastructure, repair damaged environments and replace lost or damaged structures, etc. will only increase. It only makes sense to take whatever steps we can to prevent the damage in the first place. The cost of doing nothing is greater costs in the future.
 The History of Climate Change Action Planning in Brookline
 2002 Local Action Plan on Climate Change
Brookline was one of the first communities in Massachusetts to respond to climate change. In the span of three months in 2000, three key, related events took place. Under the auspices of the Brookline Conservation Commission and the Brookline Green Space Alliance, a community-wide symposium on climate change was convened. In addition, the first meeting of Climate Change Action Brookline (now known as Climate Action Brookline or CAB), a local, grass-roots organization, was held, and it went on to become a founding member of the Massachusetts Climate Action Network. And, on April 25, 2000, responding to advocacy from town residents and leadership by Conservation Commission staff and other town staff, the Brookline Board of Selectmen passed a resolution acknowledging that “greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere will have a profound effect on the Earth’s climate.”
The Board of Selectmen’s 2000 climate change resolution also committed the town to joining with communities all over the world in the Cities for Climate Protection Campaign. That campaign, sponsored by the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI), provided a methodology for assessing the town’s current greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and for creating a plan to reduce them. Using that methodology, the town’s first Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory was completed during the summer of 2000, and town staff, with the assistance of town-resident-volunteer members of CAB, began preparing the town’s first climate action plan. In February 2002, the Board of Selectmen adopted Brookline’s Local Action Plan on Climate Change.
The town immediately began to take steps to implement the climate action plan, as described in "Where We Are Today," below. But as awareness of climate change increased and as the complexity of the required response became clear, it also became apparent that greater progress could be made by institutionalizing the effort in town government. With the support of the Board of Selectmen and town staff, in May 2008 members of CAB presented a warrant article to Brookline Town Meeting, which overwhelmingly voted to create a fifteen-member selectmen’s Climate Action Committee to propel and coordinate implementation of the climate action plan. That committee has worked and continues to work on a number of successful projects, but determined in late 2010 that its efforts and those of town staff, residents, and businesses would be even more effective if coordinated by means of an updated climate action plan.
 Where We Are Today
 Progress Made Under the 2002 Local Action Plan on Climate Change
In May 2000, the Town of Brookline elected to participate in the Cities for Climate Protection Campaign, a program of the International Council of Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI). The Cities for Climate Protection Campaign follows a 'Five Milestone' process:
- Milestone One: Conduct a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory and Report
- Milestone Two: Set a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target
- Milestone Three: Develop a Local Climate Action Plan
- Milestone Four: Implement the Local Climate Action Plan
- Milestone Five: Monitor Emissions Reductions
The Town completed the first three milestones in the ICLEI program, publishing a greenhouse gas inventory in August 2001 and a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Target and Climate Action Plan in February 2002. The August 2000 Greenhouse Gas Inventory reported emissions for calendar years 1995 and 1998. These initial findings were updated in 2010 to include inventories for calendar years 2003 and 2008. Details are included in the report "Brookline Greenhouse Gas Inventory 2008" which is available çocuk oyunları for viewing and download at .
For the period 1995 to 2003, Brookline’s greenhouse gas emissions followed a path consistent with the goal of a 25% reduction from 1990 to 2020. (See Table 1 and Figure 1, below.) Greenhouse gas emissions were unchanged at roughly 469,000 metric tons of CO2 per year over the five-year period from 2003 through 2008.
Residential sector emissions, including motor vehicles owned by Brookline residents, account for approximately three-quarters of Brookline’s greenhouse gas emissions. Government operations are the source of three percent of Brookline’s greenhouse gas emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions from Brookline’s government operations for 2008 are essentially unchanged from those previously reported for 1995.
Emissions from MBTA trolleys and buses were not included in this analysis. Emissions from these sources are likely about one percent of the reported totals.
|Metric Tons CO2 Per Year|
Table 1: Brookline Greenhouse Gas Inventory
Uncertainties In Brookline’s Reported Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Brookline has adopted Massachusetts' reduction target of 25% below 1990 levels by 2020, with targets for each decade after that, culminating in at least an 80% reduction by 2050. The choice of 1990 as the base year is consistent with the Kyoto Protocol. It should be noted that Brookline energy usage data for 1990 are not available. The earliest Brookline data were those reported for 1995 in the Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Forecast.
Electricity usage and natural gas usage trends from 1995 through 2008 exhibit anomalies for both utilities. An apparent significant reduction in consumption of gas and electricity from 1998 to 2002 is inconsistent with both population growth in Brookline and national trends in residential energy consumption during that period.  This may be related to record keeping procedures associated with deregulation of electricity and natural gas that occurred during the intervening years. 
CO2 emissions from vehicles traveling in Brookline may also have been overstated, based on a November 2009 report from the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Vehicle emission factors generated for 1995 by the ICLEI software (CACP 2009) were based on projections that predated the recent EPA report.
Greenhouse Gas Inventory Does Not Include Emissions Outside of Brookline
The Brookline Greenhouse Gas Inventory does not include greenhouse gas emissions that occur outside of Brookline but are attributable to actions of Brookline residents, businesses and municipal government. A significant example is the consumption of beef in Brookline homes, schools, and restaurants. Raising, slaughtering, processing, and delivering beef to grocery stores generates CO2 emissions far exceeding those for vegetables and most fish, fowl, and other meats. Since the CO2 emissions for these activities occur outside of Brookline, they are not included in Brookline's Greenhouse Gas Inventory, which is based on generally used protocols for reporting greenhouse gas emissions. This Climate Action Plan does however include actions that affect greenhouse gas emissions outside of Brookline such as Meatless Days (to promote vegetarian meals) and Pay as You Throw (to discourage waste).
 Our Goal
25% reduction in GHG emissions from 1990 levels by 2020; 80% reduction by 2050 (based on Massachusetts Global Warming Solutions Act)
The goal of the Brookline 2012 Climate Action Plan is to outline a set of actions, policies and factors that would, if implemented, significantly contribute to the outcome of reducing Brookline’s 2020 total greenhouse gas emissions by 25% below our estimated 1990 emission level. This goal was chosen to be consistent with the Commonwealth of Massachusett’s 2020 GHG reduction goal of 25% below 1990 emissions. The state’s plan, “Massachusetts Clean Energy and Climate Plan for 2020,” was mandated by the adoption of the Global Warming Solutions Act, 2008 ( M.G.L. c. 21N) and outlines the measures that will be adopted to achieve this goal. It was also determined that a 25% reduction by 2020 was an achievable and desirable emissions reduction goal.
What can a Brookline Climate Action Plan do?
Actions taken by individuals, communities, states, and countries all influence climate. Mitigating and adapting to climate change will require a multi-facetted approach, involving all segments of society and all levels of government. Local governments are uniquely situated to develop innovative, community-based responses to climate change. Because of the unique nature of local governmental control, many important building and infrastructure decisions that directly affect greenhouse gas emissions are under local authority. Practices and policies followed in homes, schools and businesses, and governments can affect climate. As a community, Brookline can re-tool these practices and policies to respond to climate change, and in the process, may provide future generations with other benefits, such as improved public health infrastructure and sustainable built environments.
The range of actions considered and ultimately included in this Plan are focused on both reducing overall GHG emissions and adapting to the inevitable effects of climate change. As noted earlier, these changes have already begun, and due to the persistence (100 years) of GHG already in the atmosphere, they will continue, even if we are successful in radically reducing our production of these emissions. In general terms, energy use reduction is targeted for both building and transportation uses through a variety of initiatives. To augment conservation and demand reduction strategies, supporting initiatives such as alternative transportation infrastructure and renewable energy generation are recommended. Together, these strategies represent an integrated package, designed to reduce GHG emissions, improve public and environmental health, promote economic prosperity and advance social cohesion.
 Planning Process and Methodology
In late 2010, the Climate Action Committee neared completion of two major initiatives: first, “Brookline 2010,” a year-long campaign with Climate Change Action Brookline that involved nearly one hundred local partner organizations in raising awareness and taking action to reduce the community’s carbon footprint, and second, coordination, with town staff, of efforts to qualify as a Green Community under the state’s Green Communities Act, G.L. c. 25A, § 10. As these were completed, the Committee realized that in order to better coordinate future efforts to address climate change, it was critical to update Brookline’s 2002 Climate Action Plan.
At the CAC’s January 31, 2011 meeting, the committee established a Climate Action Plan Subcommittee (CAPS) to begin the process. With the assistance of Planning Department staff and an intern, the subcommittee reviewed plans developed in nearly 60 United States Communities and several communities in Europe. In March 2011, the subcommittee prepared a report evaluating the progress that Brookline has made under the 2002 plan. (See ”Where We Are Today”.)
During the spring of 2011, the CAC publicized a website on which members of the public could suggest possible climate actions. Eighteen Brookline residents responded with forty-one specific suggestions of actions to address climate change.
On April 25, 2011, the CAC conducted a workshop among its own members, and in a preliminary manner, identified over two dozen actions to consider for the new plan.
In May 2011, Brookline town departments and staff, particularly the Selectmen’s Office, the Building Department, and the Department of Planning and Community Development, finalized an energy baseline and a thirty-five page Town of Brookline Energy Reduction Plan. That plan will form the basis for a number of energy reduction measures that are included in or complement the CAP.
Also in May 2011, the Brookline Conservation Commission, working with the Parks and Open Space Division and representatives of many other town boards and commissions, completed its five-year update of the town’s open space plan, Open Space 2010: Open Space and Recreation Plan for the Town of Brookline. While many of the environmental issues addressed in that plan are broader than specific concerns about climate change, most of the resource protection goals and actions identified in the plan have a positive effect on climate, and several of them address climate concerns directly.
On June 9, 2011, the CAC sponsored a public meeting in Hunneman Hall of the Public Library of Brookline to continue the process of identifying and discussing actions to include in the CAP. This workshop identified over three dozen possible climate change actions.
In July 2011, the subcommittee, CAPS, began to analyze and synthesize over 150 actions identified in the 2002 plan, at the public meetings, and from other sources, using a mathematical ranking methodology. It also drafted the text portions of the plan.
As the draft of the plan was nearing completion, the CAC convened a public hearing on April 23, 2012, and solicited comments from Brookline residents, stakeholders, and municipal officials.
The CAP was finalized, and submitted to the Board of Selectmen for review. On December 11, 2012, the Board of Selectmen voted to approve the plan.
 Summary of Specific Inputs to the Planning Process
- Previous Work on Climate Change, including the 2002 Climate Action Plan
- Website Poll (spring 2011)
- CAC Workshop (April 25, 2011)
- Town of Brookline Energy Reduction Plan(May 2011)
- Open Space 2010: Open Space and Recreation Plan for the Town of Brookline (May 2011)
- Public Meeting (June 9, 2011)
- Public Hearing (April 23, 2012)
- Selectmen's Review and Approval (December 12, 2012)
The Climate Action Plan Subcommittee (CAPS) developed a mathematical methodology for ranking a total of over 150 possible actions using weighted scoring. Using several spreadsheets, CAPS experimented with organizing the actions into various categories and subcategories. It then established five rating criteria, CO2 savings, feasibility, co-benefits, community support, and cost. Each member of the subcommittee rated each of the 150 actions, at first working collectively during CAPS meetings in order to develop similar approaches among the members. The average rating was calculated for each action, and CAPS then decided on weighting factors for each of the rating criteria. Finally it assigned a weighted score to each action consisting of the sum of the five weighted average ratings, and prepared a general ranking of all of the actions. For a more detailed explanation, see Parameters. The rankings were examined using different weighting factors, but assuming reasonable values for the factors, there were no great changes in the general ranking.
After discussions with the full CAC, CAPS used the general ranking of all 150 actions to choose a smaller group of 37 actions for further consideration. Individual members of the subcommittee then began drafting the descriptions of the actions that appear in this CAP prior to making further decisions on which actions to pursue. Special attention was given to estimating the total GHG emission reductions associated with each action. After further discussion with the CAC, town staff, and interested stake holders, and after the public hearing on April 23, 2012, the final decisions that are reflected in the current plan, including the addition of two new actions, were made.
 The Future
New ideas for addressing climate change are continually being brought to our attention. This CAP will be revised in 2014, at which time new ideas will be incorporated. In addition, there are a small number of ideas that were brought to our attention too late to be developed fully in this CAP. These have been listed for future consideration in Ideas for the Future. If you are a Brookline resident who has an idea for an action that should be considered when this plan is revised in 2014, or if you have a suggestion as to how the planning or implementation process could be improved, please go to Ideas for the Future, and (using the wiki as you would to edit Wikipedia) edit that page to add your suggestion.
 Actions to Reduce Emissions
Actions to Reduce Emissions that are currently being pursued as part of this plan are in six groups:
(To view all Actions in a single list, click here.)
Note: This plan focuses primarily on actions to reduce GHG emissions that can be taken by residents and businesses. The Town of Brookline, that is, Brookline's municipal government, has also committed to significant reductions in energy use in its Town of Brookline Energy Reduction Plan (May 2011, revised July 2011). Whenever possible, activities taking place under that plan and those under this CAP will be coordinated.
For each Action, the following are generally specified by the Action Team:
- Description of the Action, with reference number (reference to spreadsheet containing over 150 possible actions, developed in 2011)
- Liaison (CAC member, partner, or municipal staff)
- Action Team (organization or individuals)
- Current Activity
- Unresolved Questions
As appropriate, the following may also be included:
- Potential GHG Emissions Reduction
- Quantitative Analysis
- Target Sector (municipal, business, or residential)
- Time Frame for Implementation, including Benchmarks
- Cost and Benefits (including payback period, if applicable)
- Barriers to Implementation and Equity Issues
- Other Stakeholders (individuals or groups other than the Action Team who are Involved in or affected by implementation)
 Implementation and Support of the Climate Action Plan
Because an effective response to climate change requires a broad range of actions by many people throughout the residential community, the business community, and town government, systematized implementation and support of the Climate Action Plan is critical. In attempting to create an effective structure for implementation of a plan that includes non-governmental partners in addition to Town staff, the CAC is, to a large extent, breaking new ground. Few climate action plans in other municipalities have detailed implementation plans, and those that do focus largely on municipal actions implemented by municipal staff. See, e.g., Cincinnati’s ‘’Green Cincinnati Plan’’.
 Support and Coordination
The work of many individuals, groups, and organizations will be needed to implement this plan. There are a number of existing groups already providing leadership and work on specific tasks, and the CAC hopes that this plan will support that work. For example, Brookline Tomorrow is a joint initiative of CAB and the CAC, and promotes climate action work of all sorts. Over one hundred organizations have joined Brookline Tomorrow as Partners. There are other groups—both private organizations and groups related to municipal government—engaged in various other activities. And, in other areas, the CAC has identified additional Actions to Reduce Emissions, above, for which leadership and participants must be recruited, either from its own ranks or from among town residents and staff.
The overall success of this plan will depend not only on individuals and groups taking responsibility for particular actions, but also on their receiving the support they need to be effective. To ensure that this happens, this plan calls for Liaisons for each Action and a Support and Measurement Team (SMT).
Liaisons - To provide a conduit for information about climate action work and to assist the CAC in providing support to those doing the work, the CAC hopes to identify an individual to volunteer as Liaison for each Action in the CAP. That person, ideally chosen by the group that is already working on the action to reduce emissions or, in some cases, designated by the CAC, provides appropriate coordination and in some cases leadership with regard to the Action, and takes responsibility for reporting to the Support and Measurement Team (SMT).
Support and Measurement Team (SMT) - The SMT will work with individual Liaisons through a collaborative process both to support those working on individual Actions and to provide accountability with regard to the plan by monitoring both overall progress and progress with regard to individual Actions to reduce emissions. Because implementation of the CAP depends on the combined efforts of many independent segments of the Brookline community, the CAC's role is one of support and coordination, rather than control or supervision. Other work will be done by municipal staff, whose work is managed under the municipal management structure. But the CAC’s necessary support and accountability function requires a more nimble mechanism for transmission of information than can be accomplished by the full fifteen-member CAC. Therefore, the SMT will consist of between three and five people. It will include at least one a member of the CAC and one staff member of the Brookline Planning Department and, if Climate Action Brookline (CAB) so desires, at least one Brookline resident chosen by the CAC in consultation with CAB.
The SMT will work with Liaisons on any issues with which they need help or support, but in particular will assist in determining what level of quantitative analysis of GHG emissions is appropriate and in identifying the elements of the Action and metrics which will be used to estimate the action's GHG reduction potential and effectiveness.
- The Support and Measurement Team (SMT) will provide day-to-day support of groups working on Actions to Reduce Emissions through people identified as Liaisons.
- Each Action that is being actively pursued should have a designated Liaison.
- Liaisons may be either CAC members, partners, other Brookline residents, or Town staff.
- Each Liaison will typically help coordinate a working group of a size appropriate to the Action, unless a group is already in existence.
- If a working group is already in existence, the group itself will normally designate the Liaison.
- Typically there will be a single Liaison for each Action; if there are Co-Liaisons, it will be helpful if one is designated as the primary contact for the SMT.
- Typically, one person will not be Liaison for more than two Actions.
- Note: The SMT functions solely as a conduit of information between the CAC and groups of Brookline residents who are acting independently. The CAC will remain fully responsible for the CAP, and the SMT is not a subcommittee of the CAC. The SMT will take no votes, make no decisions, and will not advise or make recommendations to the CAC or any of its subcommittees. Although it is anticipated that it will conduct its activities as openly as possible, it is not a public body subject to the Massachusetts Open Meeting Law. See G.L. c. 30A, § 18. Similarly, any groups of Brookline residents formed to work on individual Actions described in the CAP are not public bodies. On the other hand, it is expected that the CAC will form one or more subcommittees to work on individual Actions described in the CAP, and any such subcommittees will be public bodies subject to the Open Meeting Law.
Liaison Meeting - Since the relationship between the Liaisons and the SMT is to be a collaborative one, the Liaisons will meet in September 2012 to discuss their roles and work. The SMT will convene the meeting. Suggestions concerning the tentative agenda may be made here.
 New Actions
Since the CAP is a living, iterative document, new Actions to Reduce GHG Emissions can be added at any time. Any group or individual wishing to begin work on a new initiative or already engaged in climate action work that does not appear in the CAP, should contact the CAC via the Brookline Planning Department.
 Data and Measurement
The CAC, using the SMT as necessary as a conduit for information, will help Liaisons to assemble and analyze data and measure progress.
 Overall Direction
The CAC will provide overall direction and be responsible for implementation of this CAP.
 Budget and Staffing
The CAC co-chairs will work with the Brookline Planning Director and Town Administrator to ensure sufficient budgetary and staffing resources both for CAC activities and for actions identified in this plan that are the responsibility of town government.
The Support and Measurement Team will prepare the following progress reports to the CAC:
- Monthly - Oral Update by SMT (standing item on CAC monthly agenda)
- April 1, 2013 - Semi-Annual Summary (written narrative summary)
- October 1, 2013 - Annual Report (full narrative report)
- April 1, 2014 - Semi-Annual Summary
- October 1, 2014 - Annual Report
The annual reports will be distributed to the Board of Selectmen and distributed to all Town Meeting members at Fall Town Meeting.
 Plan Revision
Though this plan includes long-term and mid-term strategies and goals, most of the actions included in it should be re-evaluated after two full years of activity. Though much of such a re-evaluation can be based upon the Annual Reports, in the spring of 2014, the CAC will organize a public process for evaluating overall progress under this plan. Both the annual reports and the complete re-evaluation will include an assessment of the effectiveness of preparing the plan in the form of a wiki. Soon after or as part of the 2014 Annual Report, a draft of a new two- or three-year climate action plan should be prepared and presented to the public, and then adopted by the CAC and Board of Selectmen in the fall of 2014.
To contact the CAC or for more information about this CAP, please contact Senior Planner Lara Curtis Hayes in the Brookline Planning Department by email or at 617-730-2618.
- ↑ Evans, T., Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Forecast Report: Town of Brookline, Massachusetts,, August, 2000.
- ↑ Angus, B., et.al., Local Action Plan on Climate Change: Town of Brookline, Massachusetts, February 2002.
- ↑ Leviton, A.E., Town of Brookline Massachusetts Greenhouse Gas Inventory Overview, May, 2010.
- ↑ This joint initiative later became known as "Brookline Tomorrow: Climate Action Today."
 Further Reading
- Spratt, David & Sutton, Phillip, Climate Code Red: The Case for a Sustainability Emergency (Friends of the Earth 2008)
- Emanuel, Kerry, What We Know About Climate Change (MIT Press 2007)