Argentina is a Country of Immigrants

Argentina is a Country of Immigrants

Official Language Spanish

Population 42,669,500

Government Presidential: Constitutional Republic.

Photos of Town Hall Display

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES HAVE A COMPLEX HISTORY

  • 35 indigenous groups or Argentine Amerindians or Natives Argentines
  • The most populous: Mapuche, Kolla, Toba, Guarani, Wichi, Diaguita, Mocovi, and Huarpe
  • They were the majority in what is now the Argentine territory
  • Outnumbered by a Black majority in the Argentine colonial era
  • Today’s population 600,000 (1.5%of total population)

Artifacts at the Pio Pablo Diaz Museum in Cachi, Salta province devoted to the ethnology of indigenous people

Toba or Qom population: 47,951

  • This ethnic group is in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay
  • Tobas in Argentina, live in the provinces of chaco, Formosa and Santa Fe
  • The Toba language is a member of Guaicuran linguistic group
  • There are 60,000 speakers of which 15,000 to 20,000 live in Argentina(UN)

COUNTRY OF IMMIGRANTS

  • Following the journeys of Columbus, the Spanish conquistadors went to Latin America in search of gold and new land establishing the economy, political and social systems of their kingdom.

Buenos Aires foundation in 1516 by Spanish conquistadors

  • After Argentinian independence in 1816, Argentina became one of the world’s leading countries of immigration in modern times, reaching an all-time high in the period between 1880-1916
  • The majority of immigrants, since the 19th century, came from Europe, mostly from Italy and Spain.
  • Also notable were Jewish immigrants escaping persecution, making in Argentina the highest Jewish population in Latin America, and the 7th in all the world
  • The immigrants learned to integrate themselves in the new society, and national associations tried to soften their adjustment.

RECENT IMMIGRATION

During the middle and late 1990s Argentina received substantial immigration from

  • Neighboring countries
  • Significant numbers of people from Asian countries such as Korea (both North and South), China and Vietnam, which joined the previously existing Sino- Japanese communities in Buenos Aires.

ARGENTINA’S CULTURE

MATE

  • It is a beverage prepared by seeping dried leaves of yerba mate in hot
  • It is served with a metal straw water (bombilla) from a shared hollow calabash gourd (mate)
  • It is consumed in Argentina (national infusion), Uruguay, Paraguay, the Bolivian Chaco and Southern Brazil, and to lesser degree in southern Chile.
  • It is also consumed in Syria and Lebanon.

LA RONDA DE MATE (MATE CIRCLE)

Is the name given to the group of mate users who share the drink

Gracias is the ritual word used to express that one’s desire of drinking mate has been satisfied, but at the same time it means that the mate user is grateful to the brewer

ASADO (BBQ)

  • Is considered the national dish.
  • It is a term used both for a range of barbecue techniques and the social event of having attending a barbecue.
  • Usually consists of beef alongside various other meats, which are cooked on a grill, called a parrila, or in an open fire.

TANGO

  • Is a dance for two people who join in movement, based on a binary 2/4 beat.
  • It origins are uncertain but it is generally accepted that it developed in the late 19 th century in working-class neighborhoods of Buenos Aires/Argentina and Montevideo/ Uruguay.
  • The Argentine tango dancing consists of a variety of styles that developed in different regions and eras (tango canyengue, tango orillero, tango salon among others).

Literature

MAFALD A BY QUINO

  • Mafalta is a girl that always questioning the world of the adults.
  • Was published for the first time in September 1964 and was translated in many other languages.

NOTABLES in ARGENTINA CULTURE

  • Astor Piazzola

- Tango composer, bandoneon player. He started a new style called the “New Tango”

  • Ernesto Sabato

-Writer . He was very influential in the Latin America literary world.

  • Mercedes Sosa (a.k.a “La Negra”)

- Singer. She has been called the “voice of the voiceless ones”